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Publication Ethics


All manuscripts for articles, original research article, review article, editorials, comments, book reviews and letters that are submitted to IJESR must be accompanied by a conflict of interest disclosure statement or a declaration by the authors that they have no conflicts of interest to declare. All articles that are published in IJESR will be accompanied by a conflict-of-interest disclosure statement or a statement that the authors have replied that they have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Authors should also disclose to editors any conflict of interest that may have influenced either the conduct or the presentation of research, including but not limited to close relationships with those who might be helped or hurt by the publication, academic interests and rivalries, and any personal, religious or political convictions relevant to the topic at hand.

In the paper, authors should include a draft statement that discloses all relevant conflicts of interest and affiliations. Relevance for financial conflicts of interest with private firms is defined as a relationship of any value with a firm with a stake in the subject of the manuscript, or its competitors. Relevance for patents is defined as any invention or pending invention connected in any way to the subject.

Report:
Any financial relationship of any size should be disclosed. These Potential conflicts of interest in relation to your submitted manuscript could include:


1.      Direct employment, either full or part-time;
2.      Grants and research funding Consultancies;
3.      Travel grants, speaking fees, writing fees and other honoraria;
4.      Advocacy group;
5.      Patents granted, whether or not generating royalties;
6.      Stock ownership, investment in related “sector” funds, or stock options;
7.      Membership on private sector scientific or other advisory boards, whether paid or unpaid.

In addition, any current negotiations regarding future employment or current job offers, either full- or part-time, must be disclosed.

Non-Financial Conflicts of Interest:
These may be personal, political, or intellectual and may include any expression of strongly held views relevant to the subject of the submission. Disclosable non-financial conflicts of interest would also include membership or affiliation with non-governmental organizations that have an interest in the submission.


For Editors, Articles Editors, and Peer Reviewers:

As a general rule, IJESR should require that all senior editorial personnel (editors in chief, managing editors, full-time assistant editors) avoid all financial relationships that might constitute a conflict of interest. Editorial managers should also avoid personal, political, or intellectual entanglements, organizational or otherwise, that could be construed as establishing a particular bias that might influence one’s judgments. Editors who maintain financial ties with companies or institutions that have an interest in the content of a journal undermine the editorial independence that is crucial to a journal’s credibility. Requiring editors to remain conflict-of-interest free assures rejected authors that bias or potential bias did not enter into the editorial decision to reject their manuscript.

Peer reviewers have traditionally remained anonymous. Whatever the journal’s policy, peer reviewers and articles editors should follow the same rules as authors for disclosing conflicts of interest. This gives editors the tools they need to ensure that peer review panels for individual papers are fairly balanced.

The manuscript will be published only if Conflict of Interest information will be in a published statement.

You should also include a relevant disclosure statement with your article, in conjunction with any acknowledgments and details of funders.

EDITORIAL POLICY
Papers must be submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by or any other publisher. The submitting (corresponding) author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other co-authors. It is also the authors' responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution. Only an acknowledgment from the editorial office officially establishes and confirms the date of receipt. Further correspondence and proofs will be sent to the corresponding author(s) before publication unless otherwise indicated. It is a condition for submission of a paper that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability. All enquiries concerning the publication of accepted papers should be addressed to journal email id.

About Authorship
Authorship is an explicit way of assigning responsibility and giving credit for intellectual work. These both are linked together. Authorship practices should be judged by how honestly they reflect actual contributions to the final product. Authorship has its importance for the reputation, academic promotion, and grant support of the individuals involved as well as to the strength and reputation of their institution.

Disputes sometimes arise about who should be listed as authors of an intellectual product and the order in which they should be listed. When disagreements over authorship arise, they can take a substantial toll on the good will, effectiveness, and reputation of the individuals involved and their academic community. Many such disagreements result from misunderstanding and failed communication among colleagues and might have been prevented by a clear, early understanding of standards for authorship that are shared by the academic community as a whole.

Journals do not require all the authors of a research paper have to sign the letter of submission, nor do impose an order on the list of authors. Submission to journal means that all the listed authors have agreed all of the contents. The corresponding (submitting) author is responsible for having ensured that this agreement has been attained and for managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors, before and after publication. Any change to the authors list after submission, such as a change in the order of the authors or the deletion or addition of authors needs to be approved by a signed letter from every author.

Minimum Requirements for Authorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article.

Authorship credit should be based only on:

a)    Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data and

b)    Final approval of the version to be published.

Conditions a and b must meet the criteria. Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.

Authors should provide a description of what each contributed, and editors should publish that information. All others who contributed to the work who are not authors should be named in the Acknowledgments, and what they did should be described.

Minimum Requirements for Acknowledgments
List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.

Groups of persons who have contributed materially to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be listed under a heading such as "clinical investigators" or "participating investigators," and their function or contribution should be described, e.g., "served as scientific advisors," "critically reviewed the study proposal," "collected data," or "provided and cared for study". Because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions, all persons must have given written permission to be acknowledged.

Co-author contributions
Authors are strongly encouraged to include a statement, in the end, note to specify the actual contribution of each co-author to the completed work. Journal allows two co-authors to be specified as having contributed equally to the work being described.

About Plagiarism
Plagiarism is the use or close imitation of the language and ideas of another author and representation of them as one's own original work. Duplicate publication, sometimes called self-plagiarism, occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of his or her own published work without providing the appropriate references. This can range from getting an identical paper published in multiple journals, where authors add small amounts of new data to a previous paper.

Plagiarism can be said to have clearly occurred when large chunks of text have been copied and pasted. Such manuscripts would not be considered for publication in the Journals. But minor plagiarism without dishonest intent is relatively frequent, for example when an author reuses parts of an introduction from an earlier paper. The editors will judge any case of which they become aware (either by their own knowledge of and reading the literature, or when alerted by referees) on its own merits.

If a case of plagiarism comes to light after a paper is published in IJESR, the journal will conduct a preliminary investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal will contact the author's institute and funding agencies. A determination of misconduct will lead the Journal to run a statement, bidirectional linked online to and from the original paper, to note the plagiarism and to provide a reference to the plagiarized material. The paper containing the plagiarism will also be obviously marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.

Duplicate Publication
The Journal will not accept duplicate publication of scientific data. Manuscripts submitted to International Journal of current trends should not have been published/ accepted for publication or simultaneously submitted. The "possible" duplicate manuscript should be submitted with the original publication (s) and the authors should provide documentation/ statement to justify the originality of the newly submitted manuscript.

Prior Publication
The Journal will accept original manuscripts that contain material that has not been reported elsewhere, except in the form of an abstract of not more than 250 words, or an alternative short communication. If any preliminary report other than an abstract has been published or submitted, copies must be submitted with the manuscript and this must be noted in the cover letter to the editor. Prior abstract presentations must be described in a footnote to the title. Initial submissions must be accompanied by the copyright assignment form, with original signatures of all authors.

Article Withdrawal
Only used for Articles in Press which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors, or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication but which have not been formally published and will not yet have the complete volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are discovered to be accidental duplicates of other published article(s), or are determined to violate our journal publishing ethics guidelines in the view of the editors (such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like), may be "Withdrawn" from us. Withdrawn means that the article content (HTML and PDF) is removed and replaced with a HTML page and PDF simply stating that the article has been withdrawn according to the IJESR Publication Policy on Article in Press Withdrawal with a link to the current policy document.

Article Retraction
Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction by Elsevier:

  • A retraction note titled "Retraction: [article title]" signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
  • In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
  • The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself.
  • The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is "retracted."
  • The HTML version of the document is removed.

Article Removal: Legal limitations
In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.

Reprints
Reprints can be ordered shortly after a paper is accepted for publication and can be customized to include color covers, disclaimers, product insertions and more.If you wish to pay online please click here

Disclaimer and Copyrights
The entire contents are protected under international copyrights. The Journal, however, grants to all users a free right of access to and permission to copy, the published articles. Important notice on reuse, reproduction or commercial use:

•     Contents of this site, partial or as a whole, should not be included in a framed web page.

•     Contents of this site, partial or as a whole, should not be included in a password protected site or a site which requires registration, even if free.

•     Contents of this site, partial or as a whole, should not be included in a site which charges for other contents but provides the content from this site for free.

•     For purchase of reprints, printable PDF or commercial reuse please contact IJESR the executive editor of the Journal.

All material published in the journal undergoes peer review to ensure fair balance, objectivity, independence, and relevance to educational need. Neither the editors of Journal title, nor its publishers, nor any other party involved in the preparation of material contained in represent or warrants that the information contained herein is in every respect accurate or complete, and they are not responsible for any errors or omissions or for the results obtained from the use of such material. Patients and consumers reading articles posted on the website of Journal title should review the information carefully with their professional healthcare provider. The information is not intended to replace medical advice offered by the physicians. Journal title and its publishers make no representations or warranties with respect to any treatment, action, or application of medication or preparation by any person following the information offered or provided. The Journal title and its publishers will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

*This statement is based on internationally accepted Best Practice Guidelines for Journal 

UGC has updated rules/criteria for appointment of teaching staff. All Peer-Reviewed journals publication are also considered for appointment, UGC listed journals are optional and not compulsory. ( D: 18/07/2018) (Gov. Gazette copy in PDF )

https://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/4033931_UGC-Regulation_min_Qualification_Jul2018.pdf